Glossary radiometric dating
This tool-making technology was a more complex way of making stone tools than the earlier Oldowan technology.More flakes were knocked off from both sides of a stone and there is evidence that the maker had a preconceived notion of the tool's final form.Aerial Reconnaissance - The technique of searching for sites and features, both cultural and natural, from the air, often using aerial photography or the human eye.This is a good way to search for patterns or changes in soil color or plant density (possible indicators of buried features) that may not be visible to a person walking on the ground.
Physical anthropologists study human skeletons and other bodily remains.
Alluvial Deposit - Soil deposited by running water, such as streams, rivers, and flood waters.
Many ancient peoples, such as the Egyptians living along the Nile, depended on annual floods and alluvial deposits to replenish the soils they were farming.
Archaeology - The scientific excavation and study of ancient human material remains. Benchmark - For excavation purposes, a permanent point at a known elevation that can be used to measure other elevations during excavation . Biface tools - Stone tools that have been worked on both sides or faces, meaning that flakes have been intentionally (not naturally) chipped off from both sides of the stone.
Archaeozoology - The study of animal remains, usually bones, from the past. Archaic - In archaeology, this term is often used to designate an early period in a culture's history. Boat grave - A type of burial in which a body (or cremated remains) is placed in a boat and buried in the ground. Cache (pronounced "cash") - A collection of objects that was purposefully buried.The buildings on the Athenian Acropolis were important for trade and worship.